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Research Integrity

A guide outlining Library support available to Researchers and HDRs on aspects of research integrity.

Getting started

If you are not Indigenous, do you know what country you live and work on?  Visit AIATSIS to explore a Map of Indigenous Australia representing language groups across the continent. An understanding of your local context is critical to good engagement with Indigenous knowledge.

Non-Indigenous researchers need to stop conducting research ‘on’ First Nations communities and instead work ‘with’ them to gain knowledge. The following article published in The Conversation explains how non-Aboriginal researchers can best establish relationships with First Nations people when conducting research in their communities.

Ethics and guidelines


The AIATSIS Act (1989) mandates the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) to provide leadership in the field of ethics and protocols for research related to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and collections.


Australia Council for the Arts

Indigenous Evaluation Strategy

Lowitja Institute

Indigenous data

CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance

Indigenous data sovereignty

Acknowledgement and citation

‘Indigenous peoples’ rights are, by definition, collective rights… The international community clearly affirms that Indigenous peoples require recognition of their collective rights as peoples to enable them to enjoy human rights.’

United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner. (2013). Indigenous Peoples and the United Nations Human Rights System fact sheet No.9/Rev.2.

Academic citation styles generally fit within Western understanding of knowledge creation, and privilege individual or corporate ownership of intellectual property.  First Nations people may prioritise collective ownership of knowledge - Nation, Clan, Language Group or Community may therefore need acknowledgement as well, as or instead, of individuals.

There are no universally accepted guidelines so always seek consultation with First Nations individuals or groups you are referencing for their preferred forms of acknowledgement.  The following resources might get you started, but they are not definitive.

Indigenous research engagement