Skip to main content

Harvard Referencing for Visual Material

This guide provides examples on how to reference visual material using the Harvard referencing style.

What is the original artwork?


If you have viewed a painting, street sculpture, building, fashion or other creative objects in-situ, (either in the street, a gallery or a parade), then use the examples on this page to cite your original art works.

Example

Joseph Mallord William Turner 081
Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the Alps, by J.M.W Turner, Wikimedia Commons.

Citing artwork viewed personally

What should be included:

In text citation: Artist/creator/designer and date of publication in brackets straight after the name of the artwork.
Reference list:  Artist, date of publication, Title, type of work, dimensions (if available), Museum or Gallery, City.

In-text:
......Joseph Turner's use of light in Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the Alps (1812) is staggering....


..... work mentioned previously (Turner 1812)

........A very colourful vase belonging to that period is Plique a jour (Gaudernack 1907)

Reference list:

Gaudernack, G 1907, Plique a jour, enamelled vase, Kunstindustrimuseet, Oslo.

Turner, Joseph Mallord William 1812, Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the Alps, oil on canvas, 
145×2360 mm,
 Turner Collection, Tate Gallery, Britain.

 

 

Note: Below is an example of the citation of the original work viewed in a temporary exhibition.

 

 

In-text:
Work 98-1 (Tetsuo 1998) demonstrates...

 

Reference list:
Fujimoto, Tetsuo 1998, Work 98-1, fibre art: hemp cloth, polyester threads, Pellon backing and natural plant 
dyes, exhibited at: Textural Space Exhibition, Surrey Institute of Art & Design, 27 Apr - 23 Jun 2001.