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Harvard Referencing for Visual Material

This guide provides examples on how to reference visual material using the Harvard referencing style.


Citing images within books

Note: Snooks (2002) does not provide guidance for images, photographs or illustrations. The following derivative elements should be cited consistently. Use the following examples for image/illustrations and photographs in printed and electronic books.

What should be included:
Elements for a reference for an image within a publication are: Person/s responsible for the image, date of publication, Title in Italics, format, date viewed (if electronic), <URL if electronic>.


for example Aubrey Beardsley's drawing The Stomach Dance (Gorman 2001, p. 69) has particular linear qualities..........


Annie Leibovitz's photographic work Robert La Fosse, New York City 1990 (Leibovitz 1992, fig. 6) captures the essence of the dancer's pain.........

Note: Include the author/artist and title of the work in the body of the text and put an in-text reference for the book that the image/illustration is in.

Reference list:

Gorman, P 2001, The look: adventures in pop & rock fashion, Sanctuary Publishing, London.

Leibovitz, A 1992, Dancers, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Note: If there is no place of publication listed in the book use n.p. e.g.: Gorman, P 2001, The look: adventures in pop & rock fashion, Sanctuary Publishing Ltd, n.p.