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Harvard Referencing for Visual Material

This guide provides examples on how to reference visual material using the Harvard referencing style.

Examples for referencing Creative Commons & open licensed images

Creative Commons licenses require attribution to the creator and a link to the Creative Commons licence

Below are examples of how to reference a Creative Commons image.


Harvard Referencing Style for Creative Commons
Colli, MG 2009, Bilbao_6 Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, photograph, accessed January 2012, <>. CC BY 2.0

Creative Commons Referencing Style
Bilbao_6 Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, by Colli, Flickr, is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Public Domain Images


Goddess Hathor giving an Ankh to Nefertari, by unknown, Wikipedia, Public Domain.

Citing Images from the Internet

What should be included:
Elements for a reference for an image within a publication are: Person/s responsible for the image, date the image was created, Title in Italics, format, date viewed (if electronic), <URL if electronic>.

An image from the Internet with an author

(Colli 2009)

Reference list:
Colli, MG 2009, Bilbao_6 Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, photograph, viewed January 2012, <>.

An image from the Internet with no author or date

(Nefertari with Isis n.d.)

Reference list:
Nefertari with Isis, n.d. photograph, viewed 4 January 2012, <>.

Note: Use pointed brackets around <URL> with full-stop after bracket.