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Harvard Referencing for Visual Material

This guide provides examples on how to reference visual material using the Harvard referencing style.

What is the original artwork?

If you have viewed a painting, street sculpture, building, fashion or other creative objects in-situ, (either in the street, a gallery or a parade), then use the examples on this page to cite your original art works.


Joseph Mallord William Turner 081
Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the Alps, by J.M.W Turner, Wikimedia Commons.

Citing artwork viewed personally

What should be included:

In text citation: Artist/creator/designer and date of publication in brackets straight after the name of the artwork.
Reference list:  Artist, date of publication, Title, type of work, dimensions (if available), Museum or Gallery, City.

......Joseph Turner's use of light in Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the Alps (1812) is staggering....

..... work mentioned previously (Turner 1812)

........A very colourful vase belonging to that period is Plique a jour (Gaudernack 1907)

Reference list:

Gaudernack, G 1907, Plique a jour, enamelled vase, Kunstindustrimuseet, Oslo.

Turner, Joseph Mallord William 1812, Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the Alps, oil on canvas, 
145×2360 mm,
 Turner Collection, Tate Gallery, Britain.



Note: Below is an example of the citation of the original work viewed in a temporary exhibition.



Work 98-1 (Tetsuo 1998) demonstrates...


Reference list:
Fujimoto, Tetsuo 1998, Work 98-1, fibre art: hemp cloth, polyester threads, Pellon backing and natural plant 
dyes, exhibited at: Textural Space Exhibition, Surrey Institute of Art & Design, 27 Apr - 23 Jun 2001.