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Harvard Referencing for Visual Material

This guide provides examples on how to reference visual material using the Harvard referencing style.

Example

Citing audiovisual sources

What should be included:

In-text citation should contain the author (if known) OR title and date of production.  Also, when referencing a quote or comment from a film, video, DVD, YouTube and television program, refer to the person by name within your paper and give the title and year of broadcast either in parentheses or as part of your sentence.

....the famous architect, Frank Gehry, commented … (The 7.30 Report 2011).

The Reference list should contain the author (if known), title, date of recording, format, publisher and place of recording. Any special credits and other information that might be useful can be noted after the citation.

For further information refer to Snooks p. 229 & 231 at 808.027 S938)

Film

In-text:
(Chains = Cantene/Titanus 2011)

Reference list:
Chains = Cantene/Titanus 2011, motion picture, British Film Institute, London.

Video

In-text:
(Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky 2010)

Reference list:
Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky 2010, video recording, Madman Entertainment, Australia. Directed by Jan Kounen.

DVD

In-text:
(About Jenny Holzer 2011) or .......as portrayed in About Jenny Holzer (2011)

Reference list:
About Jenny Holzer 2011, dvd, Microcinema International, San Francisco, California.

YouTube

In-text:

            …ever-present question about art is how it impacts on us (Gough 2017).

             OR
             In the video What makes art good or bad? by RMIT professor Paul Gough (2017) the question is explored….

Reference list:

Gough, P 2017, What makes art good or bad?, video recording, YouTube, viewed 17 July 2017, 
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNQVe4qgtx8>.

Note: Use pointed brackets around <URL> with full-stop after bracket.

Streaming video

     In-text:

    …documentaries like (Robert Rauschenberg 1997) provide good example of fusing real art and life

       Reference list:

      Robert Rauschenberg: man at work 1997streaming video, Arthaus Musik, viewed 13 September 2016, Kanopy database.

 

Television program

In-text:
(Art + soul : a journey into the world of aboriginal art 2010)

Reference list:
Art + soul : a journey into the world of aboriginal art 2010, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Sydney, 4 October.